Quick Find

Latest Business News

 0870 Numbers
 Budget News and Updates
 Child Benefit
 Company Cars
 Company Law
 Construction Industry
 Employment Law & Payroll
 Fraud and Theft
 Health & Safety
 Important Dates
 Maternity & Paternity Matters
 News for Landlords
 Practice News
 Sage Software
 Student Loans
 Tax Credits
 Tax Rates
 Other Business News
 Making Tax Digital (MTD)

Search News

 By Keywords
 By Publish Date


Latest News



If you are thinking of deferring your State Pension or will be commencing your State Pension having deferred drawing it, you would be well advised to read this article by clicking here.


The standard lifetime allowance for pensions has increased by £25,000 in line with CPI inflation to £1,055,000 for the new tax year from 6 April 2019


Payrolls where auto enrolment contributions are being paid will have increased contributions from April 2018.

In order to comply with Auto Enrolment duties, minimum levels of pension contributions have to be paid by the employer and by the employees to the Workplace Pension Scheme.
These contributions are due to increase in line with legislation, with the first contribution increase to take effect from 6th April 2018.

The table below shows the current minimum pension contributions payable and the increases which need to be made from 6th April 2018.  Contributions are based on Qualifying Earnings.

Qualifying Earnings are currently calculated based on earnings between £5,876 and £45,000 per year (£490 to £3,750 per month, or £113 to £866 per week)*, and include certain elements of pay such as salary or wages, commission, bonuses, overtime and statutory payments.

Date effective
Minimum employer contribution
Minimum total contribution
Employee contribution if employer contributes at minimum level
Until 5 April 2018 1%
Increased contributions from 6 April 2018 2% 5% 3%

The above means that if for example, the employer and the employees are both currently paying the minimum contributions of 1%, the Employer’s contribution must increase to 2% with the Employee’s contribution increasing to 3% from 6th April 2018.

Further legislative increases are due from 6th April 2019.


People who reach state pension age before 6 April 2016 can now top up their state pension by paying a new class of voluntary National Insurance contributions (NICs) – Class 3A.

First announced in the 2013 Autumn Statement, the new Class 3A NICs went live on 12 October 2015. The opportunity to pay the top-up runs until 5 April 2017. Paying it can provide between £1 and £25 extra per week.  

Who can pay Class 3A NIC?

Those eligible to use the top-up opportunity are: ​​

  • existing state pensioners, and
  • people entitled to a UK state pension who have not reached state pension age but will do so before 6 April 2016. This means men born before 6 April 1951 and women born before 6 April 1953.

The Class 3A opportunity is aimed at women and other groups who have done less favourably under the existing state pension rules and have not previously been able to top up their pension. It will also provide an opportunity for pensioners to improve their retirement income by obtaining inflation-proofed extra additional state pension.

How to pay
The government has published a table showing amounts of the Class 3A voluntary contributions that contributors must pay to obtain an additional £1 per week of state pension. The amount of a Class 3A contribution reduces with age. Thus someone aged 70 can increase their state pension by £1 per week by paying £779.

The government has said that Class 3A NIC rates have been set to ensure an equitable deal for both individual contributors and taxpayers. 

The Class 3A NICs are paid as a lump sum. There is a cooling off period of 90 days from payment during which a refund can be obtained; this applies also to the estate of a person who dies during that period.

The government’s State pension top up web page has details of how to apply and a link to a calculator.

Class 3A options
The additional pension purchased with Class 3A NIC: 

  • will increase in line with the Consumer Price Index (if living in a country where UK state pensions are inflation linked),
  • will be inheritable on death, ie a surviving spouse will be entitled to at least 50% of the additional pension,
  • will be taxable, and
  • will be taken into account in any assessment of income-related means-tested benefits, including pension credit, housing benefit and help with council tax.

As this is a potentially complicated area, those considering Class 3A top-up should do the sums and it may be best to take advice. Wolfson Associates cannot give advice but here are some things to think about. 

For people who have gaps in their contributions record (ie not enough years), it may be better voluntarily to pay Classes 2 or 3 NIC. See the government’s guidance on voluntary payment of NIC. Note that the ability to pay Class 2 NIC voluntarily rather than the more expensive Class 3 is restricted to the self-employed with small profits or losses and to certain people living and working overseas.

Class 3A top-up is probably best for people reaching state pension age before April 2016 who have a shortfall in their state pension and some spare money that they might consider using for extra retirement income; for those (mainly women) who did not manage to accrue rights to the additional state pension while they were working; for the self-employed who were excluded from the additional state pension system altogether; and for lower earners who lost out because the additional state pension was earnings-related. 

It might not be so good for people in ill health and therefore with a short life expectancy because they will not receive the additional income for as long as a more healthy individual. Similarly, someone who is single and does not need provision for a surviving partner might not find this such an attractive deal.

An alternative for those who are not yet receiving their state pension is to defer receiving it. According to the government’s guidance on deferment, those who delay claiming state will receive an extra 1% for every 5 weeks that the claim is delayed. This is the same as 10.4% for every full year that claiming is delayed.


The government announced the proposed benefit and pension rates for 2014/15 in December 2013. 

The basic state pension for 2014/15 will be £113.10. The list also covers statutory payments (sick pay, maternity pay etc) and universal credit.  

Most increases will take place in the first full week of the tax year, ie the week beginning 7 April 2014.


It is vitally important that all employers now consider their obligations under the governments new "auto enrolment" legislation.  Over the next 4 years ALL employers will need to register ELIGIBLE employees into a scheme.  This is mandatory for ALL employers.  For more information go to:




An employer can find out its STAGING DATE by going to:


and entering the employer Scheme Reference.


Wolfson Associates will provide support to all clients over the coming years to help ensure that they are compliant with the new legislation.


All women should be obtaing a pension's forecast to ensure that their NI record is fully up to date.

This is probably even more important for those women paying reduced rate National Insurance Contributions.


New Law requires that all employers with at least 1 worker to automatically enrol certain members of their workforce into a pension scheme and to make contributions to the scheme.


Today's younger generation will have to work until they are 68 for just ?3 a week extra from the State. Click here to view a summary of the new changes.


Pensions A Day is 6 April 2006 - Plan now for the changes and how they might affect you

News updates!

Keep updated and be informed on a selection of news articles affecting your business.

Tax Rates & Allowances

Find all the key tax rates and allowances in one convenient place.

About us

Learn more about our company and the key people who make us tick.